Medical marijuana is a psychoactive drug that has been extensively studied and found to possess wide-ranging and substantial therapeutic effects with almost no side effects. Marijuana consists of 86 known cannabinoids with the two most widely studied being Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidol (CBD). The THC to CBD ratio is how Sativa is differentiated from Indica.

THC produces psychoactive effects and is the cannabinoid tested to measure potency of medical marijuana

CBD is the pain-relieving cannabinoid

Sativa – For Daytime Use

Sativa is a tall, slow growing plant that has long thin leaves and buds. Sativa buds turn red upon maturity and have a sweet, fruity and floral smell with a very mild smoke. Sativas have a high THC to CBD ratio that results in a floating and energetic feeling. The effects of sativa are mostly cerebral with patients reporting feeling focused, energized and inspired. Sativas provide significant pain relief for many symptoms and create feelings of optimism and well-being. Sativas work well with patients who are creative. Common strains of Sativa include Silver Haze, Sower Diesel and Blue Dream. Sativas are known for treating multiple sclerosis, Tourette’s syndrome and glaucoma.

Indica – For Nighttime Use

Indicas are short bushy plants between 3 to 6 feet tall with dark green and purple leaves that produce a strong smell and harsh smoke that often causes coughing when inhaled. Indicas have a high CBD to THC ratio that results in a calm and relaxing feeling. Indicas provide overall body paid relief and works well in treatment of insomnia. Patients report indicas as relaxing, sleep-inducing, stress and pain relieving as well as being effect against nausea. Common strains of indicas include Hindu Kush, Master Kush and OG Kush. Indicas are known for treating anxiety, inflammation, schizophrenia, nausea and convulsions.

Medical Effects of Marijuana

  • Marijuana stimulates receptor sites on the brain that affect body systems, triggering a chain of temporary psychological and physiological effects
  • Initially, marijuana has a stimulant effect followed by relaxation and overall reduction of stress
  • Marijuana has synergistic effects with opiates and other drugs, enhancing one’s sense of humor and well-being
  • Marijuana dehydrates the mouth, stimulates appetite and enhances flavors and tastes
  • Vaporized marijuana helps to minimize coughing and phlegm, clearing one’s throat and lungs with a bronchodilator effect of improved oxygen intake Marijuana accelerates one’s heart rate and dilates bronchi alveoli and blood vessels
  • Marijuana stimulates appetite and settles the gastrointestinal tract while calming the stomach
  • Marijuana soothes joints, has analgesic effects, reduces pain and has anti-inflammatory effects
  • Marijuana relaxes muscles, reduces muscle cramps convulsions and spasms, ataxia and other neurological or movement disorders