Medical marijuana is a psychoactive drug that has been extensively studied and found to possess wide-ranging and substantial therapeutic effects with almost no side effects. Marijuana consists of 86 known cannabinoids with the two most widely studied being Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidol (CBD). The THC to CBD ratio is how Sativa is differentiated from Indica.
THC produces psychoactive effects and is the cannabinoid tested to measure potency of medical marijuana
CBD is the pain-relieving cannabinoid
Sativa – For Daytime Use
Sativa is a tall, slow growing plant that has long thin leaves and buds. Sativa buds turn red upon maturity and have a sweet, fruity and floral smell with a very mild smoke. Sativas have a high THC to CBD ratio that results in a floating and energetic feeling. The effects of sativa are mostly cerebral with patients reporting feeling focused, energized and inspired. Sativas provide significant pain relief for many symptoms and create feelings of optimism and well-being. Sativas work well with patients who are creative. Common strains of Sativa include Silver Haze, Sower Diesel and Blue Dream. Sativas are known for treating multiple sclerosis, Tourette’s syndrome and glaucoma.
Indica – For Nighttime Use
Indicas are short bushy plants between 3 to 6 feet tall with dark green and purple leaves that produce a strong smell and harsh smoke that often causes coughing when inhaled. Indicas have a high CBD to THC ratio that results in a calm and relaxing feeling. Indicas provide overall body paid relief and works well in treatment of insomnia. Patients report indicas as relaxing, sleep-inducing, stress and pain relieving as well as being effect against nausea. Common strains of indicas include Hindu Kush, Master Kush and OG Kush. Indicas are known for treating anxiety, inflammation, schizophrenia, nausea and convulsions.
Medical Effects of Marijuana